The Greek Alfadena Xiphos has a blade of high carbon steel. The thick-tang was fitted between two halves of carved bone and then riveted to give the sword a fitted grip that fits nicely into the palm of the hand. The pommel is of steel, as are the outer plates fitted on top of the bone.
The scabbard is of carved wood and it is overlaid with red leather. The brass tip chape piece is of brass with a bone insert that can be seen through the cut-out half-moon designs. The throat pieces are of brass; it has two integrated brass rings by which to hang the sword from a baldric or belt.
This Greek style Xiphos sword is replicated from one found within a 6th Century necropolis in Alfadena Italy. Before the ascendancy of Rome there was much Greek influence on the Italic Peninsula due to the establishment of a number of Greek colonies in central and southern italy. The Italic city-states of the time fought in a manner quite akin to the Greek Hoplites, and much of their wargear had some Grecian flair to it to match. This persisted even through to the early days of pre-Republic Rome.
Due to the heavy Greek presence in ancient Italy, both physically and culturally, it is not surprising when Greek wargear is found there.
Diego Kuri –
This sword is a beautiful but only for reenactment or display purposes, first the scabbard is really nice, it has bone parts, hold by brass ribets, the rest of the parts are brass and everything is fine, second the sword, is full tang, well constructed, a little bit rough in the hilt, but the bone handle is nice, unfortunately the sword is to heavy to be a one handed short sword, you can hurt your wrist by balancing it, perhaps a lot of grinding and polishing could make it useful, otherwise is a nice display piece.