This Viking Seax was made in collaboration with Arn Forge and its handcrafted blade with its vibrantly banded patterning was made with traditional pattern-welded bladesmithing techniques. The blade is a composite of 1060 and 15n20 high carbon steel to create a shock absorbing core and the harder and more resilient edge was forge-welded onto the blade body to complete the blade. The twisting of the steel bars to form the body of the blade creates the uniquely laddered banded patterning visible on the blade.
The burly grip is crafted from polished hardwood and fittings of fine brass and a brass lanyard ring complete this fighting seax.
The seax is matched with a sheath of thick and robust leather which is both stitched and copper-riveted for a solid construction. Two belt loops allow for it to be slung from a belt for wear.
Norse bladesmiths were masters of pattern welding and this forging technique was developed to make the most of the materials and metallurgy of the time. The bloomery steel making process of the time made steel with inconsistent carbon content, but the clever placement of steel in different carbon contents for various parts of the blade could ensure that no precious steel was wasted and when well-crafted it even could give the composite blade excellent properties; softer steels could be used to create a shock-absorbing core that was not brittle and overly hard whilst harder steel edges could be forge-welded onto the body to give it a resilient and durable edge. Skilled bladesmiths learned that twisting the steel and arranging the placement of individual bars of steel could create a final blade that had beautiful and skillfully wrought banded patterning. This was and continues to be a laborious technique, but its mastery is a testament to the skill of the smith and a homage to the bladesmithing traditions of the Norse.